UAMS.EDU

Brad Martin, Pharm.D., Ph.D.

Positions

Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice

Contacts

Phone: (501) 603-1992
Fax: (501) 686-5156
E-mail: bmartin@uams.edu

Research Experience

  • Pharmaceutical Policy Analyses
  • Burden of Illness Studies
  • Pharmacoepidemiologic and Pharmacoeconomic Research using Large Administrative Databases
  • Risk Assessment and Risk Adjustment
  • Cost Effectiveness Modeling

Recent Publications

Shah A, Hayes CJ, Martin BC. (2017) Characteristics of the Initial Opioid Prescription Episode and the Likelihood of Long-Term Opioid Use among Opioid-Naïve Patients — United States, 2006–2015. MMWR.  66(10);265–269. PMID: 28301454

Shah A, Hayes CJ, Martin BC. Factors Influencing Long-Term Opioid Use Among Opioid Naïve Patients: an Examination Of Initial Prescription Characteristics and Pain Etiologies. The Journal of Pain, In Press.

Shewale AR, Barnes CL, Fischbach LA, Ounpraseuth ST, Painter JT, Martin BC. . Comparative effectiveness of intra-articular hyaluronic acid and corticosteroid injections on the time to surgical knee procedures. J Arthroplasty.  In Press.

Shewale AR, Barnes CL, Fischbach LA, Ounpraseuth ST, Painter JT, Martin BC. Comparative effectiveness of low, moderate and high molecular weight hyaluronic acid injections in delaying time to knee surgery. J Arthroplasty. In Press.

Dayer LE, Shilling R, Van Valkenburg M, Martin BC, Gubbins PO, Hadden K, Heldenbrand S. (2017) Assessing the Medication Adherence App Marketplace From the Health Professional and Consumer Vantage Points. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 5 (4), e45. PMID: 28428169

Hudson TJ, Painter JT, Martin BC, Austen MA, Williams JS, Fortney J, Sullivan MD, Edlund MJ. (2017) Pharmacoepidemiologic analyses of opioid use among OEF/OIF/OND veterans. Pain. 2017. PubMed PMID: 28195856.

Casciano B, Krishnan J, Small MB, Li C, Dotiwala Z, Martin BC. (2017) Progression to Uncontrolled Severe Asthma: A novel risk equation.  J Manag Care Pharm.  2017; 23(1):44-50. PubMed PMID: 28025923.

Painter JT, Martin BC, Li C, Bodhani A, Pyne JM (2017) Genetic Testing for CYP-2D6 Polymorphism Prior to Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Prescribing: Results from a Decision Analysis Model. J Psychiatry Cogn Behav: JPCB-123.

Hammond DA, Kathe N, Shah A, Martin BC. (2016) Cost‐Effectiveness of Histamine2 Receptor Antagonists Versus Proton Pump Inhibitors for Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis in Critically Ill Patients. Pharmacotherapy; 2016: PMID: 27809338

Shah A, Shewale A, Hayes CJ, Martin BC. (2016) Cost-Effectiveness of Oral Anticoagulants for Ischemic Stroke Prophylaxis Among Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients. Stroke; 2016: 47 (6): 1555-1561: PMID: 27103018.

Dayer L, Harrington S, Martin BC. Adherence to Adjuvant Neuropathic Pain Medications in a Palliative Care Clinic. J Palliat Med. 2016;19(5):538-41. PubMed PMID: 26835743.

Heldenbrand S, Martin BC, Gubbins PO, Hadden K, Renna C, Shilling R, Dayer L. (2016) Assessment of Medication Adherence Apps’ Features, Functionality, Health Literacy Level and the Creation of a Searchable Web-based Adherence App Resource for Health Care Professionals and Patients. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2016;56(3):293-302. PMID: 27067551

Heldenbrand S, Flowers SK, Bordelon BJ, Gubbins PO, O’Brien C, Stowe CD, Martin BC. (2016) Multiple Mini-Interview Performance Predicts Academic Difficulty in the Pharm.D. Curriculum. Am J Pharm Education. 2016 Mar 25;80(2):27: PMID: 27073280

Brown JD, Hutchison LC, Li C, Painter JT, Martin BC. (2016) Predictive Validity of the Beers and Screening Tool of Older Persons Potentially Inappropriate Prescriptions (STOPP) Criteria to Detect Adverse Drug Events, Hospitalizations, and Emergency Department Visits in the United States. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016;64(1):22-30: PMID: 26782849

Shewale AR, Johnson JT, Li C, Nelsen D, Martin BC. (2015) Net Clinical Benefits of Guidelines and Decision Tool Recommendations for Oral Anticoagulant Use among Patients with Atrial Fibrillation. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2015;24(12): 2845-53: PMID: 26482369

Hayes CJ, Hudson TJ, Phillips MM, Bursac Z, Williams JS, Austin MA, Edlund MJ, Martin BC. (2015) The influence of propoxyphene withdrawal on opioid use in veterans. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2015 Nov;24(11):1180-8. PMID: 26248742.

Shewale AR, Nelsen DA, Johnson JT, Li C, Martin BC. (2015) Variation in Anticoagulant Recommendations by the Guidelines and Decision Tools among Patients with Atrial Fibrillation. Healthcare. 2015; 3(1):130-145.

Ali MM, O’Brien CE, Cleves MA, Martin BC. (2015) Exploring the possible association between montelukast and neuropsychiatric events among children with asthma: a matched nested case-control study. Pharmacoepidemilogy and Drug Safety. 2015; 24(4):435-45. PMID: 25683909.

Patil PR, Wolfe J, Said Q, Thomas J, Martin BC. (2015) Opioid Use in the Management of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (DPN) in a Large Commercially Insured Population.  The Clinical Journal of Pain. 2015 May;31(5):414-24. PubMed PMID: 25853725

Martin BC, Shewale A. (2014) Validity of Electronic Prescription Claims Records: A Comparison of Commercial Insurance Claims with Pharmacy Provider Derived Records. Innovations in Pharmacy. 2014;5(4):1-13

Vanderlip E, Sullivan M, Edlund M, Martin BC, Fortney J, Austen M, Williams JS, Hudson T. (2014) National Study of Discontinuation of Long-Term Opioid Therapy among Veterans. Pain. 2014 Dec; 155(12): 2673-9. PMID: 25277462

Edlund MJ, Austen MA, Sullivan MD, Martin BC, Williams JS, Fortney JC, Hudson TJ. (2014) Patterns of opioid use for chronic non-cancer pain in the Veterans Health Administration from 2009 to 2011. Pain. 2014 Nov; 155(11): 2337-43. PMID: 25180008.

Berger ML, Martin BC, Husereau D, Worley K, Allen JD, Yang W, Quon NC, Mullins CD, Kahler KH, Crown W. (2014) A questionnaire to assess the relevance and credibility of observational studies to inform health care decision making: an ISPOR-AMCP-NPC Good Practice Task Force report. Value Health. 2014 Mar;17(2):143-56. PubMed PMID: 24636373.

Dhamane AD, Martin BC, Brixner DI, Hudson TJ, Said Q. (2013) Metabolic monitoring of patients prescribed second-generation antipsychotics. J Psychiatr Pract. 2013 Sep;19(5):360-74. PubMed PMID: 24042242.

Casciano JP, Dotiwala ZJ, Martin BC, Kwong WJ. (2013) The costs of warfarin underuse and nonadherence in patients with atrial fibrillation: a commercial insurer perspective. J Manag Care Pharm. 2013 May;19(4):302-16. PubMed PMID: 23627576.

Dayer L, Heldenbrand S, Anderson P, Gubbins PO, Martin BC. (2013) Smartphone medication adherence apps: potential benefits to patients and providers. J AmPharm Assoc. 2013 Mar-Apr;53(2):172-81. PubMed PMID: 23571625.

Dhamane AD, Martin BC, Brixner DI, Hudson TJ, Said Q. (2013) Metabolic monitoring of patients prescribed second generation antipsychotics. Journal of Psychiatric Practice. Setp;19(5):360-74. PubMed PMID: 24042242.

Li C, Martin BC, Cummins DF, Andrews LM, Frech-Tamas F, Yadao AM. (2013) Ambulatory resource utilization and cost for gout in the US. American Journal of Pharmacy Benefits. 2013;5(2):e46-e54.

Casciano JP, Singer DE, Kwong WJ, Fox ES, Martin BC. (2012) Anticoagulation therapy for patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation: comparison of decision analytic model recommendations and real-world warfarin prescription use. Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2012 Oct 1;12(5):313-23. PubMed PMID: 22920047.

Kelkar M, Cleves MA, Foster HR, Hogan WR, James LP, Martin BC. (2012) Prescription Acquired Acetaminophen Use and the Risk of Asthma in Adults:  A Case Control Study.  Annals of Pharmacotherapy.  2012 Dec;46(12):1598-608. PMID:23170033

Bhurke SM, Martin BC, Li C, Franks AM, Bursac Z, Said Q. (2012) Effect of the Clopidogrel-Proton Pump Inhibitor Drug Interaction on Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome. 2012; 32(9):809-18. PubMed PMID: 22744772.

Kelkar M, Cleves MA, Foster HR, Hogan WR, James LP, Martin BC. (2012) Acute and chronic acetaminophen use and renal disease: a case-control study using pharmacy and medical claims. J Manag Care Pharm. 2012 Apr;18(3):234-46. PMID:22468732

Said Q, Martin BC, Joish VN, Kreilick C, Mathai SC. (2012) The cost to managed care of managing pulmonary hypertension. J Med Econ. 2012;15(3):500-8. PMID:22313330

Gokhale M, Martin BC. (2012) Prescription-acquired acetaminophen use and potential overuse patterns: 2001-2008. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2012 Feb; 21(2):226-30. (Epub ahead of print) PMID:21915939

Li C, Martin BC. (2011) Trends in emergency department visits attributable to acetaminophen overdoses in the United States: 1993-2007. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2011 Aug;20(8):810-8. PMID: 21796717

Martin BC, Fan MY, Edlund MJ, Devries A, Braden JB, Sullivan MD. (2011) Long-term chronic opioid therapy discontinuation rates from the TROUP Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2011 Dec;26(12):1450-7. PMID: 21751058

Richardson LP, Fan MY, McCarty CA, Katon W, Edlund M, DeVries A, Martin BC, Sullivan M. (2011) Trends in the prescription of opioids for adolescents with non-cancer pain. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2011 Sept-Oct;33(5):423-8. PMID: 21749839

Domino ME, Martin BC, Wiley-Exley E, Richards S, Henson A, Carey TS, Sleath B. (2011) Increasing time costs and copayments for prescription drugs: an analysis of policy changes in a complex environment. Health Serv Res. 2011;46:900-919. PMID:21306363

Sleath B, Domino ME, Wiley-Exley E, Martin BC, Richards S, Carey T. (2010) Antidepressant and antipsychotic use and adherence among Medicaid youths: differences by race. Community Ment Health J. 2010 Jun;46(3):265-72. PMID:20091226

Edlund MJ, Martin BC, Fan MY, Devries A, Braden JB, Sullivan MD. (2010) Risks for opioid abuse and dependence among recipients of chronic opioid therapy: results from the TROUP study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2010 Nov 1;112(1-2):90-8. PMID: 20634006

Braden JB, Russo J, Fan MY, Edlund MJ, Martin BC, DeVries A, Sullivan MD. (2010) Emergency department visits among recipients of chronic opioid therapy. Arch Intern Med. 2010 Sep 13;170(16):1425-32. PMID: 20837827

Sullivan MD, Edlund MJ, Fan MY, Devries A, Brennan Braden J, Martin BC. (2010) Risks for possible and probable opioid misuse among recipients of chronic opioid therapy in commercial and medicaid insurance plans: the TROUP Study. Pain. 2010 Aug;150(2):332-9. PMID: 20554392

Edlund MJ, Martin BC, Devries A, Fan MY, Braden JB, Devries A, Sullivan MD. (2010) An analysis of heavy utilizers of opioids for chronic non-cancer pain in the TROUP study. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2010 Aug;40(2):279-89. PMID: 20579834

Edlund MJ, Martin BC, Devries A, Fan MY, Braden JB, Sullivan MD. (2010) Trends in use of opioids for chronic noncancer pain among individuals with mental health and substance use disorders: the TROUP study. Clin J Pain. 2010 Jan;26(1):1-8. PMID: 20026946

Pathak P, Helm ME, Martin BC, Henderson C, West D. (2010) Evidence-based use of second-generation antipsychotics in a state Medicaid pediatric population: 2001-2005. Psychiatr Serv. 2010 Feb; 61(2):123–9. PMID: 20123816

Thielke SM, Simoni-Wastila L, Edlund MJ, DeVries A, Martin BC, Braden JB, Fan MY, Sullivan MD. (2010) Age and sex trends in long-term opioid use in two large American health systems between 2000 and 2005. Pain Med. 2010 Feb;11(2):248-56. PMID: 20002323

*Karve S, Cleves MA, Helm M, Hudson TJ, West DS, Martin BC. (2009) Prospective validation of eight different adherence measures for use with administrative claims data among patients with schizophrenia. Value Health. 2009 Sep;12(6):989-95. PMID: 19402852

Johnson ML, Crown W,  Martin BC, Dormuth CR, Siebert U. (2009) Good research practices for comparative effectiveness research: analytic methods to improve causal inference from nonrandomized studies of treatment effects using secondary data sources: the ISPOR Good Research Practices for Retrospective Database Analysis Task Force Report – Part III. Value Health. 2009 Nov-Dec;12(8):1062-73. PMID: 19793071

Karve S, Cleves MA, Helm M, Hudson TJ, West DS, Martin BC. Good and poor adherence: optimal cut-point for adherence measures using administrative claims data. Curr Med Res Opin. 2009 Sep;25(9):2303-10. PMID: 19635045

Cox E, Martin BC, Van Staa T, Garbe E, Siebert U, Johnson ML. (2009) Good research practices for comparative effectiveness research: approaches to mitigate bias and confounding in the design of nonrandomized studies of treatment effects using secondary data sources: the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research Good Research Practices for Retrospective Database Analysis Task Force Report–Part II. Value Health. 2009 Nov-Dec;12(8):1053-61. PMID: 19744292

Martin BC, Wiley-Exley EK, Richards S, Domino ME, Carey TS, Sleath BL. (2009) Contrasting measures of adherence with simple drug use, medication switching, and therapeutic duplication. Ann Pharmacother. 2009 Jan;43(1):36-44. PMID: 19126828

Martin BC, Church TS, Bonnell R, Ben-Joseph R, Borgstadt T. (2009) The impact of overweight and obesity on the direct medical costs of truck drivers. J Occup Environ Med. 2009 Feb;51(2):180-4. PMID: 19209039

Karve S, Cleves MA, Helm M, Hudson TJ, West DS, Martin BC. (2008) An empirical basis for standardizing adherence measures derived from administrative claims data among diabetic patients. Med Care. 2008 Nov;46(11):1125-33. PMID: 18953222

Sullivan MD, Edlund MJ, Fan MY, Devries A, Brennan Braden J, Martin BC. (2008) Trends in use of opioids for non-cancer pain conditions 2000-2005 in commercial and Medicaid insurance plans: the TROUP study. Pain. 2008 Aug 31;138(2):440-9. PMID: 18547726

Braden JB, Fan MY, Edlund MJ, Martin BC, Devries A, Sullivan MD. (2008) Trends in use of opioids by noncancer pain type 2000-2005 among Arkansas Medicaid and HealthCore enrollees: results from the TROUP Study. J Pain. 2008 Nov;9(11):1026-35. PMID: 18676205

Chen H, Kennedy WK, Dorfman JH, Finchan JE, Reeves J, Martin BC. (2007) The effect of adjunctive mood stabilizers on antipsychotic utilization pattern and health resource utilization for Medicaid enrollees with schizophrenia. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007 Jun;23(6):1351-65. PMID: 17559734

Gold DT, Martin BC, Frytak JR, Amonkar MM, Cosman F. (2007) A claims database analysis of persistence with alendronate therapy and fracture risk in post-menopausal women with osteoporosis. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007 Mar;23(3):584-94. PMID: 17355739

Martin BC, Barghout V, Cerulli A. (2006) Direct medical costs of constipation in the United States. Manag Care Interface. 2006 Dec;19(12):43-9. PMID: 17274481

Chen H, Reeves JH, Fincham JE, Kennedy WK, Dorfman JH, Martin BC. (2006) Off-label use of antidepressant, anticonvulsant, and antipsychotic medications among Georgia Medicaid enrollees in 2001. J Clin Psychiatry. 2006 Jun;67(6):972-982. PMID: 16848658

Provost M, Koompalum D, Dong D, Martin BC (2006). The initial development of the WebMedQual scale: domain assessment of the construct of quality of health web sites. Int J Med Inform. 2006 Jan;75(1):42-57. PMID: 16169770

Sapra S, Nielsen K, Martin BC. (2005) The net cost of asthma to North Carolina Medicaid and the influence of comorbidities that drive asthma costs. J Asthma. 2005 July-Aug; 42(6):469-77. PMID: 16293542

Chen H, Deshpande AD, Jiang R, Martin BC. (2005) An epidemiological investigation of off‑label anticonvulsant drug use in the Georgia Medicaid Population. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2005 Sep;14(9):629-38. PMID: 15597329

Cook CL, Wade WE, Martin BC, Perri M 3rd. (2005). Concordance among three self-reported measures of medication adherence and pharmacy refill records. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2005 Mar-Apr;45(2):151-9. PMID: 15868757

Miller LS, Martin BC. (2004) Current and future forecasts of service use and expenditures of Medicaid-eligible schizophrenia patients in the state of Georgia. Schizophr Bull. 2004;30(4):983-95. PMID: 15954202

Ganguly R, Kotzan JA, Miller LS, Kennedy K, Martin BC. (2004) Prevalence, trends and factors associated with antipsychotic polypharmacy among Medicaid-eligible schizophrenia patients, 1998‑2000. J Clin Psychiatry. 2004 Oct;65(10):1377-88. PMID: 15491242

 Martin BC, Ganguly R, Panicker S, Frech F, Barghout V. (2003) Utilization patterns and net direct medical cost to Medicaid of irritable bowel syndrome. Curr Med Res Opin. 2003;19(8):771‑80. PMID: 14687449

Ganguly R, Miller LS, Martin BC. (2003) Future employability, a new approach to cost-effectiveness analysis of antipsychotic therapy. Schizophr Res. 2003 Sep 1;63(1‑2):111‑9. PMID: 12892865

Motheral B, Brooks J, Clark MA, Crown WH, Davey P, Hutchins D, Martin BC, Stang P. (2003) A checklist for retrospective database studies — report of the ispor task force on retrospective databases. Value Health. 2003 Mar-Apr;6(2):90-97. PMID: 12641858

Nerurkar J, Wade WE, Martin BC. (2002) “Cost/death averted with venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in patients undergoing total knee replacement or knee arthroplasty. 2002 Aug:22(8):990-1000. Review. PMID: 12173802

Cantrell R, Young F, Martin BC. (2002) Antibiotic prescribing in ambulatory care settings for adults with colds, upper respiratory tract infections, and bronchitis. Clin Ther. 2002 Jan;24(1):170-82. PMID: 11833830

Kotzan JA, Maclean R, Wade W, Martin BC, Lami H, Tadlock G, Gottlieb M. (2002) Prevalence and patterns of concomitant use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and other antidepressant in a high-cost polypharmacy cohort. Clin Ther. 2002 Feb;24(2):237-48. PMID: 11911554

Martin BC, Miller LS, Kotzan JA. (2001) Psychotropic prescription use and costs in the 1990s: current trends and fiver year time series forecasts. Schizophr Res. 47:281-292.

Martin BC, Chisholm MA, Kotzan JA. (2001) Isolating the cost of osteoporosis-related fracture for postmenopausal women. A population based study. 2001 Jan-Feb;47(1):21-9. PMID: 11244288

Boudinot SG, Martin BC. (2001) Online anatomy lab (oal): a self-regulated approach to the instruction of human anatomy. Interactive Multimedia Electronic Journal of Computer Enhanced Learning. 3(1): (http://imej.wfu.edu/articles/2001/1/01/index.asp)

Martin BC, Pathak DS, Sharfman MI, Adelman JU, Taylor F, Kwong WJ, Jhingran P. (2000). Validity and reliability of the migraine-specific quality of life questionnaire (MSQ Version 2.1). 2000 Mar;40(3):204-15. PMID: 10759923

Gedaly S, Martin BC, Arocho R, McMillan CA. (2000). The women pharmacists’ health survey: preliminary results from a multi-regional survey of women pharmacists. Southern Journal of Health System Pharmacist. 4(3):5-12

Martin BC, Ricci JF, Kotzan JA, Lang K, Menzin J. (2000). The net cost of Alzheimer disease and related dementia: a population based study of Georgia Medicaid recipients. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2002 July-Sep;14(3):151-9. PMID: 10994656

Burgess S, Martin BC. (2000). Variations in childhood immunization rates for children aged 19-72 months. Southern Journal of Health System Pharmacists. 4(1):12-20.

Kotzan JA, Martin BC, Reeves JH, Wade W. (1999). The impact of race and fractures on mortality in a post menopausal Medicaid population. Clin Ther. 1999 Nov;21(11):1988-2000. PMID: 10890268

Battle YL, Martin BC, Dorfman JH, Miller LS (1999). Seasonality and infectious disease in schizophrenia: the birth hypothesis revisited. J Psychiatr Res. 1999 Nov-Dec;33(6):501-9. PMID: 10628526

Wade WE, Martin BC, Kotzan JA, Spruill WJ, Chisoholm MA, Perri M. (2000). Formulary management of low-molecular-weight-heparins. 2000 Jan;17(1):1-12. Review. PMID: 10747761

O’Connor CM, Radensky PW, Unger AN, Martin BC. (1999) Hospital use and costs among patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy in the first prospective randomized amlodipine survival evaluation study. Clin Ther. 1999 Jul;21(7):1254-65. PMID: 10463522

Ricci JF, Martin BC. (1999) Resource Utilization of Ischemic Stroke Patients:  A Population Based Study of Georgia Medicaid Recipients. Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Economics; 9(3): 21-34.

Kotzan JA, Martin BC, Wade WE. (1999) Persistence with estrogen therapy in a post menopausal Medicaid population. Pharmacotherapy. 1999 Mar;19(3):363-9. PMID: 10221376

Martin BC, Chisolm MA. (1999) Cross-validation of an instrument measuring pharmacy students attitudes towards pharmaceutical care. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 63(1):46-51.

 Martin BC, Miller LS. (1998) Expenditures for treating schizophrenia: a population-based study of Georgia Medicaid recipients. Schizophr Bull. 1998;24(3):479-88. PMID: 9718639

Kotzan JA, Martin BC, Poirier S, Nichols GJ, Perri M, Pritchard FL. (1997) Pharmaceutical care: community pharmacist attitudes and practices.”  The American Journal of Integrated Healthcare, 1(1): 37-42.

Chisholm MA, Martin BC. (1997) Development of an instrument to measure students attitudes concerning pharmaceutical care. American Journal or Pharmaceutical Education. 61:374-379.

Kotzan JA, Perri MP, Martin BC. (1996) An assessment of Medicaid prior approval cost containment policies on prescription expenditures: a market share analysis of Medicaid and cash prescriptions. Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy. November/December;2(6):569-574.

Miller DW, Martin BC, Loo CM. (1996) Sumatriptan and lost productivity: a time series analysis of diary data. Clin Ther. 1996 Nov-Dec;18(6):1263-75. PMID: 9001842

Misra S, Ricci JF, Gedaly SS, Martin BC, Horvath B. (1996) Evaluating health related quality of life in three disease management areas: asthma, diabetes, and hypertension.  Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy. 2(4):408-13.

 Martin BC, McMillan JA. (1996) The impact of a more restrictive prescription limit on Medicaid recipients: effects on cost, therapy, and out-of-pocket expenditures. Med Care. 1996 Jul;34(7):686-701. PMID: 8676607

Perri M, Martin BC, Pritchard FL (1995). Improving medication compliance: a practical intervention. The Journal of Pharmacy Technology. July/August; 11:167-72.

Jankel CA, McMillan JA, Martin BC. (1994) Effect of drug interactions on outcomes of patients receiving warfarin or theophylline. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1994 Mar 1;51(5):661-6. PMID: 8203385

Jankel CA, Martin BC. (1992) Evaluation of six computerized drug interaction screening programs. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1992 Jun;49(6):1430-5. PMID: 1529984

Ortmeier BG, Wolfgang AP, and Martin BC. (1991) Career commitment, career plans, and perceived stress: a survey of pharmacy students. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 55:138-42.